The Tiger (Panthera Tigris)

The Tiger (Panthera Tigris)

in Society / Environment

The National animal of India and also the biggest among the cat family, once ruled the planet with an estimated population of 100,000 individual Tigers in the wild during the early 1900’s.

But the Glorious era of these gigantic beauties have come to an end, due to the increased poaching of tigers for their skin, teeth and bones. This led to a drastic fall in the population of tigers leaving only 3890 tigers alive. Out of which 2226 are in India. A moment to be proud, since India holds 70% of the tiger population in the world.

Tiger takes the top position in the food chain, which shows us that the presence of tiger in a forest; is a clear indication of the well being of the ecosystem of the particular area.

A fall in the number of tigers refer to poor condition of the ecosystem, which cannot exist any longer after the extinction of tigers. Tigers protect the ecosystem; hence it is our bound duty to protect these big cats, which in turn protect us.

In order to save and protect our environment and ecosystem, Tamil Nadu participates in “Project Tiger” which helps in protecting the remaining few tigers. “Project Tiger” includes 4 Tiger Reserves in Tamil Nadu.

  • KalakKad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve : 900 km2
  • Mudumalai National Park which was declared as a Tiger Reserve in April 2007
  • Anamalai Tiger Reserve
  • Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuary which was declared as a Tiger Reserve in 2011

Tamil Nadu shows a healthy increase in Tiger population when compared to other states of India.


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